In a context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful ways to resolve disputes over political issues.” This from two angles: “We must consider the challenges your country faces by looking at the deadline for a negotiated agreement on October 15 – but an Ireland divided by a hard border risks stirring up old tensions that are still simmering very hard today and annihilating decades of progress, the United States, the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom have achieved together.” Participants in the agreement consisted of two sovereign states (the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) with armed men and police forces involved in the riots. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the Commissional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (EIE). The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), together with the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. In addition to the number of signatories[note 1], Stefan Wolff identifies the following commonalities and differences between the topics addressed in the two agreements: During the negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU developed a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper covers, inter alia, the prevention of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the right to birth of all inhabitants of Northern Ireland (as provided for in the Agreement) and the common travel area.   Anyone born in Northern Ireland who is therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship even after Brexit.  As part of the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK has been asked to convince other member states that these issues have been addressed to move on to the second phase of Brexit negotiations. . . .