In many countries, official portraits of the head of state can be found in government offices, courts or other public buildings. The idea, sometimes framed by law, is to use these portraits to draw public attention to the symbolic link with the government, a practice that dates back to the Middle Ages. Sometimes this practice is taken too much and the head of state becomes the most important symbol of the nation, which leads to the emergence of a cult of the person in which the image of the head of state is the only visual representation of the country and exceeds other symbols such as the flag. Future challenges include promoting closer cooperation between national administrations and combating fraud through successive customs programmes in 2002 and 2007. Customs 2007 will focus on how to help new Member States adapt their systems to open market conditions and carry out customs checks at the NEW external borders of the European Union. Presidential governments do not distinguish between the positions of the head of state and those of the head of government, both held by the president. Many parliamentary governments have a symbolic head of state in the form of a president or monarch. This person is responsible for the formalities of the functions of the state or, in cases where the head of state has reserve powers, the “no hands” of a functioning Parliament, while the constitutional prerogatives of the head of government are generally exercised by the Prime Minister. EU policy respects the obligations of NATO member states and is consistent with the common security and defence policy agreed within NATO. The Declaration on the Western European Union annexed to the Treaty on European Union sets out the future relationship between NATO and WEU, which serves as the Union`s defence arm and a means of strengthening the European pillar of the Atlantic Alliance. The conference is chaired by one of the heads of state or government of the EU Member States, elected by his peers. The presidency is elected in such a way that each of the heads of state or government of the Monetary Union is appointed in turn president of the conference.
The significant expansion of presidential power in this area was first manifested in President McKinley`s government. At the beginning of the war with Spain, the President announced that the United States would be bound by the last three principles of the Paris Declaration for the duration, a course that, as Professor Wright points out, “would undoubtedly go a long way to defining these three principles as an international law, mandatory for the United States in future wars.” 473 Hostilities with Spain ended in August 1898 with a ceasefire, the terms of which largely determine the subsequent peace treaty,474, as well as the ceasefire of 11 November 1918, largely determine the conditions for final peace with Germany in 1918. It was also President McKinley who, in 1900, relied solely on his sole authority as commander-in-chief, brought a 5,000-strong ground force and a naval force to work with similar contingents of other powers to save the beijing legations from boxers; A year later, without consulting Congress or the Senate, he accepted for the United States the protocol for compensation for boxers between China and the intermediate powers.475 Commenting on the Beijing Protocol, Willoughby quotes with his consent the following remark: “This case is interesting because it shows how the force of circumstances has forced us to adopt European practice in reference to an international agreement. which, with the exception of the issue of compensation, was almost exclusively political in nature . . . . Purely political treaties are usually concluded in Europe only by the executive, within the framework of constitutional practice. However, the situation in China largely justified President McKinley`s failure to submit the minutes to the Senate.